UK GDP Falls, Sterling Weakens Amid Possible Recession Fears


  • The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has fallen for the first time since July by 0.3% in September, according to the Office for National Statistics.
  • Sterling has slipped against both the US dollar and the Euro, with investors speculating rate cuts from the Bank of England (BoE).
  • With high inflation, the central bank is expected to retain the Bank Rate at 5.25%.
  • UK economist Paul Dales suggests that the decrease in GDP could signify a potential recession.
  • Both the Prime Minister and Finance Minister have pledged to prompt growth, facing an imminent election before January 2025.

Changes in UK’s Economic Growth

For the first time since July, the UK’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) saw a shrinkage by 0.3% from the previous month, according to data released by the Office for National Statistics. This significant downturn, reportedly influenced by the harsh weather conditions, has caused a drop in Sterling’s value against its US counterpart and the Euro.

Speculations about Interest Rate Cuts

As a result, investors are anticipating that the Bank of England (BoE) might slash the interest rates in June 2024, causing a decline in the yield on 10-year British government bonds. Nonetheless, despite the speculative pressures, the central bank is anticipated to maintain the Bank Rate at 5.25%, as part of their efforts to regulate Britain’s relatively high inflation rate, which stood at 4.6% in October.

Malaise in the UK’s Financial Landscape

Predictions of a potential recession are looming, with Paul Dales, chief UK economist at Capital Economics, noting that the October data implies that the UK could be heading down that path. Nevertheless, even amidst such uncertainties, a majority within the BoE’s Monetary Policy Committee still seems inclined towards keeping the rates unchanged.

Flat-lining and the Threat of a Shallow Recession

Moving into the last quarter of 2023 and entering 2024, the British economy might face a bout of shallow recession, post the BoE’s interest rate hikes. Meanwhile, the UK economy has remained stagnant during most of the year, with the nation’s significant services sector shrinking by 0.2% in October.

Prime Minister’s Economic Growth Pledge

In the wake of such financial hiccups, Prime Minister Rishi Sunak and Finance Minister Jeremy Hunt have promised to trigger growth. However, a major surge is not expected before the impending election that Sunak has to call before January 2025.

Implication on International Trade

A concurrent setback is the larger-than-expected goods trade deficit in October at £17 billion ($21.30 billion) against an expected gap of £14 billion. Moreover, there is a substantial reduction in exports to the European Union, marking a serious blow to the bloc Britain was formerly a part of.

The effects of these economic changes and potential decisions of the central bank could be felt across the trading and forex markets. Specifically, assets such as government bonds and the sterling might witness significant fluctuations.

($1 = 0.7982 pounds)

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