U.S. Labor Cost Growth Slowing Amid Central Bank’s Tight Monetary Policies


    Compensation costs are growing at a slower pace in response to the U.S. central bank’s stringent monetary policy. Fewer Americans are looking to switch jobs, a trend that could further decelerate wage inflation. Despite this, the resilient economy is expected to continue, anchored by consumer spending in the labor market. While this may not bode well for paychecks, it is beneficial for inflation and Federal Reserve policy easing.

Slow Rate of Increase in Compensation Costs

There are indications of slower earnings growth in line with easing labor market conditions influenced by the U.S. central bank’s rigid monetary policy. Information from recent government data suggests a diminished interest in shifting jobs among individuals in the U.S., which is expected to further hinder wage inflation. The Federal Reserve, against a durable economy backdrop upheld by consumer spending in the labor market, is expected to retain prevailing rates.

Labor Market Resilience

The Employment Cost Index (ECI), an overall measure of labor costs, rose by 0.9% in the previous quarter as reported by the Labor Department’s Bureau of Labor Statistics. This was the smallest quarterly gain since Q2 2021, following a 1.1% increase in Q3 2021. However, the labor market continues to show resilience with a steady rate of job openings. Despite this diminishing since March 2022, the ratio remains at 1.4 jobs available for every unemployed person.

Market Predictions and Impact on the Dollar

The financial market anticipates a possible rate cut as early as March. The U.S. central bank has increased its policy rate by 525 basis points to the current 5.25%-5.50% range since March 2022. Consequently, the dollar experienced a drop against other currencies, U.S. Treasury prices saw an increase, and Wall Street stocks witnessed a fall.

Wage Gains and Compensation Costs for Workers

Wages rose by 0.9% in the last quarter, the smallest increase since Q2 2021. Meanwhile, compensation costs increased by 4.5% for union workers annually and were up by 4.0% for non-union workers. However, wage increases decelerated for retail employees, those in the finance sector, and health service professionals. Inflation-adjusted income for all workers rose by 1.0% annually, helping safeguard consumer spending and, thus, the economy overall.

Effects on Forex and Trading

The movements in compensation costs, wages, and the actions of the U.S. central bank can have a significant impact on forex trading. They can influence the value of the dollar against other currencies and sway the direction of U.S. Treasury prices and Wall Street stocks.

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