Spain’s Economic Response to Ukraine War and Post-COVID Cost-of-Living Crisis


Spain, like other European nations, is working to navigate a post-COVID-19 cost-of-living crisis, worsened by Ukraine war’s effect on energy prices. A new package of measures has been approved that include expanded public transportation subsidies for all regular users, a reduced VAT for essential food items, and an altered energy company tax expected to generate around 3 billion euros in 2023. However, some, like the VAT cut on energy bills, will be phased out in line with the projected 2.5% GDP growth.

Spain’s Post-Pandemic Economic Measures

Similar to other European nations, Spain faces the challenge of a cost-of-living crisis in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. This issue has been worsened by the Ukraine war’s influence on energy prices.

Spain’s Prime Minister on the New Phase

In November, Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez, reelected for another term, assured a press conference that the recently approved package would consolidate the progress made in the previous five years.

Projected Economic Growth

According to Sanchez, Spain’s gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to grow nearly 2.5% this year, a slight increase on the government’s earlier forecast of 2.4%.

Breaking Down The Measures

The measures approved involve expanding subsidies for minors and young individuals using public transport to all frequent users. They also extend the VAT reduction for essential food items like fruits, vegetables, pasta, and cooking oils.

Tax Adjustments

A contentious windfall tax for energy companies, projected to fetch about 3 billion euros in 2023, has been modified. Companies can now partially counterbalance the 1.2% levy if they make investments in renewable energy projects. There will be no changes to a similar tax for banks in 2024 due to an agreement between the Socialists of Sanchez and their junior coalition ally, the left-wing Sumar party. Nonetheless, some measures will be phased out over time.

Energy Bills and Future Outlook

The VAT cut on energy bills brought the rate to 5% during 2023 but will gradually return to its initial 21%, mentions Sanchez. A Budget Ministry source confirmed that the 21% VAT on gas bills will be reinstated in April. The government, in its statement, has said the tax rate on electricity will be hiked to 10% for 2024.

In conclusion, these financial developments in Spain, especially changes in taxation and GDP growth anticipation, could impact forex trading and related assets. Traders and investors should follow these trends closely to make informed decisions.

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