Inflation Eases in South Korea: BOK on Track for Policy Easing


  • The Bank of Korea expects inflation pressure to temper and align with the bank’s 2% target rate by the end of next year.
  • The annual consumer inflation for 2023 moderated to 3.6%, a significant dip from 5.1% observed in 2022.
  • While economists predict that the Bank of Korea (BOK) has hit its peak rate, they forecast a policy easing from Q3 of 2023.
  • A cooling inflation is making it challenging to maintain a restrictive policy rate of 3.50%.
  • In December, prices for fresh food escalated by 14.5% year-on-year, while industrial goods’ prices increased by a mere 2.1%, marking a slowdown from November’s 2.5%.

Inflation Data Supports Bank’s Future Trajectory

No significant monthly changes were observed in the index. The recent inflation data, released on Friday, aligns well with the Bank of Korea’s projections about the inflationary trend in the near future. The bank anticipates that the pressure on prices will gradually recede and converge towards the bank’s objective of 2% by the end of the following year. This is in line with the bank’s broader strategy to transition towards a softer monetary policy.

Downward Trend in Annual Inflation Rate for 2023

The graph of the full-year consumer inflation for 2023 hints at a declining trajectory, standing at 3.6% as compared to 5.1% from the preceding year, 2022.

Predicted Policy Changes by the Bank of Korea

A consensus among economists suggests that the Bank of Korea has likely hit its zenith in terms of rate and they anticipate a revisitation and easing of the policy from the third quarter of the upcoming year. As the inflation rate cools, the stringent policy rate of 3.50% is becoming tough for the public to fathom.

Breakdown of Price Changes

Data dissection revealed that prices of fresh food items surged a substantial 14.5% in December on an annual scale. Conversely, industrial goods prices showcased a year-on-year rise of 2.1%, slowing down from 2.5% noted in November.

Shifts in inflation and monetary policy can have profound implications for forex trading. Keeping an eye on assets closely related to Korea’s economy, like the Korean Won, could provide lucrative opportunities.

PIP Penguin