December Surge in Chinese Manufacturing Activity Exceeds Expectations


  • The manufacturing sector in China experienced above-expected growth in December, according to a private survey.
  • The Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) was 50.8, surpassing the expected 50.4 and showed a slight increase than the previous month’s 50.7.
  • While the Caixin survey shows an optimistic picture focusing on small private enterprises, the data is contrasted by a governmental survey showing contraction in Chinese manufacturing throughout 2023.
  • Despite signs of progress, cost pressures remain subdued and Chinese inflation showed little improvement in December.

Boost in Chinese Manufacturing Activity

As per the information shared on Tuesday, Chinese manufacturing activity witnessed a surge beyond anticipations in December. The growth was driven by a steady increase in new orders, reflecting a consistent enhancement in both local and foreign demand for Chinese commodities.

PMI Readings and Economic Nuances

Recordings of the (PMI) show a growth of 50.8 in December, surpassing the expected 50.4, and marginally higher from the 50.7 registered in the prior month. A reading over 50 points towards expansion. The index has now been in the expansion phase for the second straight month.

Government Survey – A Different Perspective

The private readings are in stark contrast to the results of a government survey released earlier, which depicted Chinese manufacturing remaining in contraction throughout the final month of 2023. The official survey revealed an average contraction with the PMI data of the past year at 49.8.

The Caixin Survey Focus

The Caixin survey, diverges from the official reading due to its emphasis on smaller, privately-owned enterprises in contrast to larger, state-run enterprises covered in the official survey. Both surveys provide investors with a comprehensive view of China’s economy.

Analyze the Signs of An Uptick

Despite the Caixin reading pointing towards signs of amelioration in Chinese manufacturing activity, analysts note that the growth remains largely modest. There is a lackluster response in cost pressures, implying marginal signs of betterment in Chinese inflation over the month.

Economic Forecast and the Future

“The economic forecast for the manufacturing sector showed further improvement in December, with a balanced expansion of supply and demand, and steady price levels. However, the aspect of employment presents a significant challenge and businesses expressed apprehensions for the future,” stated Wang Zhe, Senior Economist at Caixin Insight Group.

He added that there is potential for enhancement in the fiscal and monetary support policies of the Chinese government, and that employment must be the primary focus for policymakers.

Economic Repercussions and Market Trends

An anticipated post-COVID economic revival in China didn’t quite materialize in the preceding year, as local companies coped with reduced demand in their primary export markets. This problem was further magnified by Beijing adopting a cautious approach towards extending more fiscal support to the economy.

As China’s economy continues to remain on track to meet the government’s growth target of 5% for 2023, markets retain caution over growth accelerating in 2024.

Considering these developments, traders and investors may see potential implications on relative currency values and related assets in the forex market, keeping an eye on China’s economic activities could give a strategic edge in trade decisions.

PIP Penguin